Arizona Secretary of State - Ken Bennett


 
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 Hand Count History

In Arizona, hand counts are performed to verify the machine counts from a sample of precincts and early ballots from each county. 

The Vote Count Verification Committee meets, pursuant to A.R.S. § 16-602 (K), to establish the designated margins for conducting hand counts.

 Committee History

In 2006 the Arizona Legislature passed a law requiring a random sample of voting precincts to be hand counted after the elections.

Pursuant to A.R.S. § 16-602, the Secretary of State appoints a seven member Vote Count Verification Committee to designate the margins used to review the hand counting of votes and to set the acceptable variance rate between machines and hand counts. The seven members who serve on the committee must have expertise in any two or more of the following areas:

1. Advanced mathematics
2. Statistics
3. Random selection methods
4. Systems operations
5. Voting systems

In addition, no more than three of the members may be affiliated with the same political party, and a person is not eligible to serve on the committee if that person has been affiliated with or received any income in the preceding five years from any person or entity that provides election equipment or services in this state.

In 2006 the Secretary of State established an application process for those interested in serving on the committee. The archive of how the original members were chosen is here (2006 Secretary Seeks Committee Members).

Committee members (appointed):

2014 Committee Members

  • Steve Kizer - Pinal County Software Applications Developer and former Arizona Counties (Pinal & Apache) Elections Director for 6 years.
  • Dr. William Lewis - founding Chairman of the Computer Science Department at Arizona State University and former Chief Information Officer of ASU for 14 years.
  • Ken Matta - Systems Administrator and project lead for logic and accuracy testing of voting equipment and procedures with the Arizona Secretary of State’s office.
  • Dr. William Mishler – Professor at the University of Arizona, Department of Government and Public Policy and Editor of the Journal of Politics.
  • John D. Stewart - Information Systems Consultant with Maricopa County Department of Elections.
  • Michael Totherow - Director, IT Business and Project Management, Maricopa Integrated Health System (MIHS).
  • Christopher M. Bradley - Deputy Budget Director, Maricopa County. Since 1996, Mr. Bradley has extensive experience is forecast models and statistical analysis in handling a $2 billion county budget.

ARCHIVE

2011 Committee Members (Archive)

  • Dr. William Lewis - founding Chairman of the Computer Science Department at Arizona State University and former Chief Information Officer of ASU for 14 years.
  • Dr. William Mishler – Professor at the University of Arizona, Department of Government and Public Policy and Editor of the Journal of Politics.
  • Dr. Richard T. Snodgrass - Professor at the University of Arizona, Department of Computer Science and Editor-in-Chief of ACM Transactions on Database Systems (a scholarly journal).
  • John D. Stewart - Information Systems Consultant with Maricopa County Department of Elections.
  • Lynn A. Constabile - Elections Director, Yavapai County Department of Elections. Ms. Constabile previously served as a Computer Assistance Specialist and Records Technician with Yavapai County.
  • Michael Totherow - Director, IT Business and Project Management, Maricopa Integrated Health System (MIHS).
  • Christopher M. Bradley - Deputy Budget Director, Maricopa County. Since 1996, Mr. Bradley has extensive experience is forecast models and statistical analysis in handling a $2 billion county budget.

2006 Committee Members (Archive)

  • Dr. William Lewis - founding Chairman of the Computer Science Department at Arizona State University and former Chief Information Officer of ASU for 14 years.
  • Elliott D. Pollack - President of Elliott D. Pollack and Company. Mr. Pollack is a respected local, state, and national economics expert.
  • Dr. Richard T. Snodgrass - Professor at the University of Arizona, Department of Computer Science and Editor-in-Chief of ACM Transactions on Database Systems (a scholarly journal).
  • John D. Stewart - Information Systems Consultant with Maricopa County Department of Elections.
  • Lynn A. Constabile - Elections Director, Yavapai County Department of Elections. Ms. Constabile previously served as a Computer Assistance Specialist and Records Technician with Yavapai County.
  • Michael Totherow - Director, IT Business and Project Management, Maricopa Integrated Health System (MIHS).
  • Christopher M. Bradley - Deputy Budget Director, Maricopa County. Since 1996, Mr. Bradley has extensive experience is forecast models and statistical analysis in handling a $2 billion county budget
DESIGNATED MARGINS FINAL REPORTS - Archive

2011 – Vote Count Verification Committee Designated Margins, October 19, 2011

2010 – Vote Count Verification Committee Designated Margins, June 25, 2010

The Vote Count Verification Committee met on June 25, 2010.  At that meeting, the committee voted to keep the designated margins the same as they have been since 2006.  The designated margin for polling place ballots remained 1% lower than the designated margin for early ballots as it was noted that more room for error in marking ballots exists for early ballots than for polling place ballots.

The designated margins are as follows:

Early Ballots – The designated margin for early ballots is set to five votes or two percent, whichever is greater.

Polling Place – The designated margin for polling place ballots is set to three votes or one percent, whichever is greater

2008 – Vote Count Verification Committee Designated Margins, August 21, 2008

PROCEDURES MANUALS - Archive

2007 Procedures Manual – Precinct Hand Count & Early Ballot Audit